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Explore Beyond the Trees Avondale
Beyond the Trees Avondale Beyond the Trees Avondale

History of
Avondale Estate

1743

Son of John Hayes of Hayesville, Wicklow, Samuel Hayes is born.

1743 - History of Avondale Estate

1770

Samuel Hayes inherits Hayesville and renames it ‘Avondale’.

1770 - History of Avondale Estate

1773

Samuel Hayes is appointed Sheriff of Wicklow.

1773 - History of Avondale Estate

1777-1779

Avondale House is designed by renowned architect James Wyatt and is built by Samuel Hayes. Samuel Hayes as an amateur architect has input into the house design.

1777-1779 - History of Avondale Estate

1794

Samuel Hayes writes Ireland’s first book devoted to trees, A Practical Treatise on Planting and the Management of Woods and Coppices.

1794 - History of Avondale Estate

1795

When Samuel Hayes dies, he bequeaths Avondale Estate to his cousin Sir John Parnell stipulating it should pass to a younger son.

1795 - History of Avondale Estate

1801

Sir John Parnell bequeaths Avondale Estate to his youngest son, William.

1801 - History of Avondale Estate

1821

William leaves Avondale Estate to his much-travelled son John Henry Parnell.

1821 - History of Avondale Estate

1835

John marries Delia Tudor Stewart at Grace Church, New York on 31st May 1835.  They return to live at Avondale Estate where 9 of their 11 children are born.

1835 - History of Avondale Estate

1846

Charles Stewart Parnell is born, 4th son.

1846 - History of Avondale Estate

1848-1860

Charles and his brothers and sisters pass their childhood at Avondale.

1848-1860 - History of Avondale Estate

1854

Delia Parnell leaves Avondale to live in Paris with some of her children.

1854 - History of Avondale Estate

1859

John Henry Parnell dies suddenly; the Parnell children are made Wards of Court.

1859 - History of Avondale Estate

1865-1869

Charles Stewart Parnell attends Magdalene College Cambridge but does not complete his studies.

1865-1869 - History of Avondale Estate

1867

Parnell comes of age and assumes ownership of Avondale in 1867.

1867 - History of Avondale Estate

1872

First visit to America, Parnell visits his brother in Alabama seeking business opportunities in mining and railroad investment.

1872 - History of Avondale Estate

1874

Parnell becomes High Sheriff of Wicklow, active in the local gentry.

1874 - History of Avondale Estate

1874-1889

Political life.

1874-1889 - History of Avondale Estate

1880

Parnell & Katharine O’Shea meet.

1880 - History of Avondale Estate

1890

Captain O’Shea divorces from Katharine O’Shea.

1890 - History of Avondale Estate

1891

Parnell and Katharine marry at Steyning Registry Office near Brighton.

1891 - History of Avondale Estate

1891

Charles Stewart Parnell dies of pneumonia in Brighton 06.10.1891, age 45. On October 11, 1891 he is buried in Glasnevin Cemetery.

1891 - History of Avondale Estate

1891

John Howard Parnell, brother of Charles Stewart Parnell sells the heavily encumbered estate.

1891 - History of Avondale Estate

1904

Avondale Estate is purchased by the State.

1904 - History of Avondale Estate

1904

The first forestry training school is established at Avondale in 1904 by the Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction under the supervision of A.C. Forbes, one of Ireland’s great forestry pioneers.

1904 - History of Avondale Estate

1905-1915

The Great Tree Experiment is begun to establish which trees were best suited to Irish forestry.  This involved the planting of experimental plots of trees (54 conifer & 45 broadleaf species), flanking the magnificent Great Ride.

1905-1915 - History of Avondale Estate

1915

The forestry school at Avondale closes.

1915 - History of Avondale Estate

1935

The forestry school reopens at Avondale & remains at this location until the late 1970s.

1935 - History of Avondale Estate

1989

Coillte Teoranta is formed as a semi-state body.

1989 - History of Avondale Estate

1991

Avondale House opens to the public for guided tours.

1991 - History of Avondale Estate

2021

Work begins on the Treetop Walk and Viewing Tower and the new visitor experience of Beyond the Trees Avondale.

2021 - History of Avondale Estate

2022

Beyond the Trees Avondale opens to the public.

2022 - History of Avondale Estate

1743

1770

1773

1777-1779

1794

1795

1801

1821

1835

1846

1848-1860

1854

1859

1865-1869

1867

1872

1874

1874-1889

1880

1890

1891

1891

1891

1904

1904

1905-1915

1915

1935

1989

1991

2021

2022

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